Friday, October 23, 2015

True Urban Legands.

We all heard the legends and the myths behind them but are they true? Or just made up to scare children and teens straight? Well here are 13 True Urban Legends.
The Dead Body Under The Mattress/ The Legend:
You know the story. A guest checks into a hotel and goes to his room when he starts too get settled in he smells something seriously rank. After some lifting and some investigating he finds a corpse under the mattress.
    The Truth: Horrifyingly and grossly enough this has actually happened on more then one occasion. There have been documented cases of guest and hotel staff finding dead bodies under hotel beds and mattresses in Atlantic City, N.J., Las Vegas, Kansas City, and numerous times in Florida, NY, Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee, and California. So the next time you're in a hotel, don't just assume that weird smell is coming from you're travel companion. Call the front desk and high tail it out of there, or if you're feeling brave stay in a different room.     
The Hanging Corpse Halloween Decoration:
You've probably heard of the camp fire stories of a woman hanging from a tree as a Halloween decoration... Except the decoration was actually was a lynched woman. A real life, dead lynched woman, and no one realized it until it started to reek.
    The Truth:
   Turns out, it's sort of true, but the woman wasn't lynched - it was suicide. In October 2005 in Fredericksburg, a woman hanged herself across the street in her neighbors yard which was decorated for Halloween. The death went unreported for hours because everyone who passed by, thought it was a really disturbing prank.
The Man Who Was Buried Alive:
The scratches inside the coffin, the muffled screams you can't quite place, the knocks from underground - for a long time. Since the 1800's we've all heard these types of stories and all became scared to death of it happening to us or, a beloved family member, friends, and even pets. Yes this legend accrues in multiple different versions. Some state that the person is found and has no heart beat is not breathing, when he gets to the morgue, just seconds before the autopsy begins he wakes up and walks out scaring the doctor half to death.   
   The Truth: Since the 1800's there have been 219 documented stages of near premature burials and 149 cases of actual premature burials. To combat being buried alive in times before the phrase flat line meant anything, coffins were actually made with safety measures, like bells, to warn outsiders that hey I'm alive. Even more terrifying there were about a dozen cases of dissection and embalming done on bodies that weren't even dead yet.
The Carnival Mummy:
A bunch of kids touch and marvel at a mummy in a carnival display, not realizing it's an actual mummified corpse of a real person, in fact nobody knew he had been traveling with the carnival for over 25 years.
   The Truth: Believe it or not this actually did happen and became famous for a couple days in the news. It all happened in 1976 at Nu - pike Amusement park in Long Beach, California. A camera crew tried moving the mummy when its arm came off upon picking it up and looking at it they found bones, turns out the mummified body was that of criminal mastermind Elmer McCurdy, who was killed during a shot out in 1911. But the weirdness doesn't end there. After McCurdy was killed, his embalmer was so pleased with his own work that he charged people nickels to come see the body... And encourage them to put them in McCurdys mouth.    
The Hanging Prank:
At a Halloween haunted house attraction a teen pretends to hang himself as an attempt to make it look like he has just committed suicide. as each group goes through he does the same stunt, until an hour later when on this jump the safety cord snaps leaving only the rope around his neck to keep him from falling, because its a haunted attraction no one thinks anything about it so it remains unreported. later while closing up the other actors try and try to get a hold of him through an ear piece they would talk through but he wouldn't answer so the people who ran the attraction go to his spot, only to find that he's been dead for hours.
   The Truth: This really has happened more than once, and mostly by teenage boys, although I have also heard about a few girls doing it to and it never ended happy for them. So the rule here is don't pretend to hang yourself its not funny and it always comes back around to you.
Dead Body Wrapped In A Rug:
Before the days of craigslist and e-bay, if you wanted a used rug, you had to pick one up off a curb. So im going to give you the version I was taught for this urban legend. It starts out in New York where a man needed a new rug but couldn't afford it so he took to the street to find a used one instead, after hours of driving around he was ready to call it a night when he rounded one last corner he seen a rolled up rug laying out by the street he pulled over and picked it up and drove home. he puts in the closet as he cant put it out for a few days as he's really busy, after a couple days he notices that its really starting to smell in his small apartment so he cleans the place but still leaves the rug in the closet, a few more days go by a the smell is worse this time he looks everywhere for the smell it leads him to the rug. he picks up the rug and unrolls it only to discover a woman that been handcuffed and had duck tape over her mouth she had been stabbed multiple times.
   The Truth: A group of Columbia University students in 1984 had picked up a rug on the side of the road and brought it back to where they lived, when they unrolled it and a decomposing corpse of a man fell out.
 Woman Buried Alive With Engagement Ring:
The story goes that a man who had been with this girl since high school finally popped the question to which she said yes, well after a year of engagement the guy believed she was too ugly to marry so instead of breaking up with her he buried her alive, but he couldn't keep her down cause she used her engagement ring to dig herself out.
   The Truth: This really did happen in Poland in 2011. A man or less of one I should say decided his fiancé wasn't pretty anymore and he simply could not marry her, so him and his buddy decided to "kill" her, stuff her inside a television box, tapped it shut and buried her. Because they were so brainless, they messed up, one she was alive, two she used the ring to cut the tape off the box, and three they used her credit card so the police had an easy job of catching them.  
An Elevator Cant Decapitate Someone:
We all hear about the stories of elevators, like the ones where the cord snaps and sends you falling 10 stories to your death, which has happened. And we heard about the one where the elevator doors close around your neck and as it rises you loose your head. But is it actually true?
   The Truth: Yes it has happened on more then one occasion, the most recent happening in 2003. At a Huston Hospital, doctor Hitoshi Nikaidoh found himself trapped between the doors, and as it rose, his head came off. But how can these things happen? It turns out elevators take a lot of care and maintenance so during that time they're actually being controlled by the men working on them as opposed to a computer. Sometimes the computer messes up, so if your feeling lucky use the elevator, but ill be using the stairs.
The Case Of The Unnoticed Home Invader:
You would definitely know if a stranger from of the streets was living in your house right? According to the legend a man who lives in a New York apartment, at first he was really comfortable in it but one day he felt very uneasy like someone was watching him. He started to notice some of his things we missing or slightly be moved. One day he sets up a camera and went to bed, the next morning he goes to rewatch the tape he notices a woman coming out of his closet and eating his food and taking showers. He calls the police who arrest her and that's when she tells them she homeless and was hungry and cold and she had been hiding in his closet for a year.
   The Truth: Yes this really happened to a guy in Japan in 2008, this guy felt something just wasn't right when his favorite snakes went missing, so he set up surveillance and reeled back in horror when he found out a woman who was homeless had been living in his cupboard for a year. But that's not the only story of a person hiding in your house one family once found people living in their freakin walls, Freaky.
Phone Calls From The Dead:
You've heard the stories: A loved one dies and suddenly you start to get phone calls and text messages from their number and you think its some kind of sick prank.
   The Truth: It has really happened more than once. With most recent one happening in 2008 when a commuter train in California collided with a freight train, 25 people died that day one of them Charles Peck called his family 35 times. So what's scary about that? It happened just after he died, police confirmed it after they found him and his cell phone.
Charlie No Face/Green Man:
 If you go to a highway diner in western Pennsylvania and ask if they've seen the green man, you might hear some silverware clanking to the floor. "The Green Man" or "Charlie No-Face" is a long standing urban legend of a great glowing demon or entity that wonders the backcounty roads at night.
   The Truth: Is a person named Raymond Robinson, who was nearly fatally injured in an electrical accident when he was young, he ended up losing his eyes, nose, an ear and one arm. His skin which was so badly damaged, it gave off a strange hue, which is where he got his name from. And he walked the back roads at night so he wouldn't cause mass hysteria.
The Hook:
 Everyone knows about this urban legend, A teenage couple goes to lovers lane where they start to get cozie but as a little time goes by the girl realizes she doesn't want this to happen in the car plus she's starting to feel uneasy, but the guy isn't ready to go so he turns on the radio turns it to a station that plays romantic music, she starts to relax again. Then all of the sudden a bulletin comes on the radio to look out for an escaped serial killer who could be heading to lovers lane. The girl insist they leave immediately but they guy refuses he hasn't gotten what he came for, the girl is out of the mood and keeps insisting they leave, finally the guy gives up and they leave, upon dropping her off he gets out of the car goes over to her side and that's when he finds the hook.
   Another legend goes about the same way except at the ending when they try to leave the car ran out of gas, so he gets out of the car and walks to the nearest gas station and she falls asleep only to be startled awake by the sound of scratching on the roof of the car, she soon falls asleep again only to be scared awake by a police officer the next morning, they huddle her out of the car telling her not to look back. When she finally does look she sees her boyfriend hanging upside down and the scratching see heard on the roof that night were his fingernails.
   The Truth: Well believe it or not this is based on a true event, it all takes place in a town called Texarkana during the Moonlight Murders, these took place on lovers lane as well and instead of a hook it was a gun. The Zodiac Killer is another killer who murdered couples when they were alone. 
The Cropsey legend started in the 70's and 80's as a the boogey will get you scare.
   The Truth: Is this is a real thing that actually happened. it all started when seven children went missing on Staten Island, in N.Y. Well on the island in the woods was a mental facility for children where a man by the name of  Andre Rand worked for the facility named Willowbrook State Facility, when it shut down he moved into the woods. He was a drug dealer, and user, and possibly an occultist with a lengthy rap sheet, which made him the perfect person for the murders. Though he was never charged with the child murders, he is currently spending 50 years to life in prison for kidnapping and 1st degree murder, since he has been locked up the children have stopped disappearing, it should be noted the island had been looked over and over again for the children or their bodies and none were ever found. 

Monday, May 11, 2015

I dont usually do this

Hey guys im trying to get better but so far i am in the hospital again staying the night im on oxygen cause i cant go without it, the blood clots while they have left my right  lung are still in the left lung and have caused damage to the lower part which will cause scar tissue to develop, as well as fluid the left lung. Tomorrow i will be in surgery, and have a tube placed in my lung to get rid of the blood clots and fluid, I'm on blood thinners too so that could be a dangerous surgery. They have asked me twice now if i have a last will and testament.
   so im asking of this (which i dont normally do) please send me your prayers and well wishes, and resend this post only to all your friends and family please.

Thanks in advanced with all my love Alexandrea New  (Margaret Alice).

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

The truth behind Room 1408

While being a writer I'm taught that there is always some truth in fictional stories. Last night and today I have watched Room 1408 based off the book by Stephen King, and decided to see what I could come up with. so here it is, I hope you all enjoy.  

The real story of Room 1408

    The ‘real’ events that inspired Stephen King to pen this masterpiece of horror, occurred within the ‘Hotel Del Coronado’. A luxury beachfront hotel located in the city of Coronado, San Diego County, California. it was built in 1887 and when it opened in 1888 it hosted President, royalty, actors and actresses. its been featured in countless movies and books. 
    Parapsychologist, ‘Christopher Chacon’, and his team. Who using a wide mix of ghost hunting gadgetry, from infrared cameras, through to devices that monitor changes in temperature, magnetic fields, and that can detect electronic emissions. Recorded no less than 37 abnormalities, within room 3502. And it was from the reports of these unusual occurrences within room 3502, of the Hotel Del Coronado, that Stephen King found his inspiration.
    As with the Dolphin Hotel, feelings of unease are said to be experienced long before reaching room 3502 of the Hotel Del Coronado. Where ‘phantoms’ have reportedly been seen lurking the hallways, and specters have been witnessed climbing, and descending the stairs. Cleaning staff are said to often work in pairs out of fear of what they’ve seen previous, and as within the movie 1408, the Hotel Del Coronado, has been the setting of a number of suicides. The most notorious of which is the suicide of ‘Kate Morgan’, who in 1892 is said to have been found on the steps of the hotel leading to the ocean. With a gun in her hand, and a bullet in her head. She had been staying in room 3312, another room that is said to experience 'unusual' phenomenon.
    Room 3502, the room where Christopher Chacon and his team recorded numerous anomalies, is said to have been the private love nest of the Hotel Del Coronado’s builder himself, ‘E. S. Babcock’, and his mistress. But while the ‘haunting’ of room 3312 is attributed to the spirit of Kate Morgan’, nobody really knows why room 3502 is seemingly at the centre of events within the Hotel Del Coronado. And with stories from those who have dared to stay there ranging from flickering lights, and toilets flushing by themselves, through to the electrical equipment of a radio crew that tried to broadcast from within the room failing, the account of a secret service agent who was unable to make it through the night inside 3502, the disappearance of a maid who was never seen again, and the suicide of the hotel builders mistress. Room 3502 certainly lives up to its reputation, as the dark heart of the Hotel Del Coronado. A place where only the brave, and the foolish alike, dare to lay their heads for the night.







Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Working Really Hard.

Just so you all know I've been working really hard on this next post, Insane Asylums around the the world, you guys cant even imagine how many abandoned Asylums, Hospitals, and sanitariums there are in this world. It will be a little longer than I thought to get all of the information just right, and collect all the pictures needed hopfully I can get some with a ghost in there for you, fingers crossed. 
   so hang in there. I promise it'll be well worth it.

Monday, March 16, 2015


I finally found out why im so sick I had to go back to the hospital yesterday, because I was getting sicker and sicker, and after running though testing they found I have E-coli thankfully it was caught in time, thank god, I am now on medications for it and should be getting better within the week. 
    Thanks again you guys for your patients.

Saturday, March 14, 2015

Sorry Guys

Hey guys I'm so sorry I didn't have the chance to write that up, Ive been having bad luck lately, for the night I was updating I dislocated my jaw, them the next day I was sent to the hospital again due to bad bronchitis, and then I went back to urgent care because of my kidneys, as for now Im starting to feel worse.
   I promise though as long as nothing else goes wrong I will be working on a new page of abandoned hospitals, insane asylums, and sanatoriums around the world.

Thursday, March 5, 2015


I'm sorry I haven't posted on this site for a little while, I have simply not been feeling very as my Fibermyalgia has gotton worse I have been bed ridden and in severe pain. I have been doing yoga so I can at least stay moving but its not all that helpful when your in pain. 
   Anyways I will be working on a new post tonight and tomorrow so keep watching.

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Most Haunted Islands

kalaupapa, Hawaii is a small unincorporated community on the island of Molokaʻi in the u.s. state of Hawaii. 
   The village is the site of a former settlement for leprosy patients. The original leper colony was first established in kalawao in the east, opposite to the village corner of the peninsula. It was there where Father Damien settled in 1873. Later it was moved to the location of the current village, which was originally a Hawaiian fishing village. The settlement was also attended by Mother Marianne Cope, among others. At its peak, about 1,200 men, women, and children were in exile in this island prison. The isolation law was enacted by king kamehamea V and remained in effect until 1969, when it was finally repealed. Today, about fourteen former sufferers of leprosy (which is also known as Hansen's Disease) continue to live there. The colony is now part of kalaupapa National Historical Park.
   Shortly before the end of mandatory isolation in 1969, the state legislature considered closing the facility entirely. Intervention by interested persons, such as entertainer Don Ho and TV newsman Don Picken, resulted in allowing the residents to remain there for life. The opponents to closure pointed out that, although there were no active cases of leprosy in existence, many of the residents were physically scarred by the disease to an extent which would make their integration into mainstream society difficult if not impossible.


Hart island is a small island in New York City, the island has been used as a union civil war prison camp, Lunatic Asylum, Tuberculosis sanatorium, Potters field, a boys reformatory, and a Nike Missile base.



Hart Island was a prisoner of war camp for four months in 1865. 3,413 captured Confederate soldiers were housed on the island. 235 died in the camp, and their remains, along with those of Union soldiers buried there, were moved to Cypress Hills cemetery, Brooklyn in 1941.
At various times, the Department of Correction has used the island for a prison, but it is currently uninhabited. Access is controlled by the Department of Correction. However a bill (0848) transferring jurisdiction to the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation was introduced on April 30, 2012. The Hart Island Project testified in favor of this bill on September 27, 2012. Bill 803 requires the Department of Correction to post its database of burials on-line. Bill 804 requires the Department of Correction to post its visitation policy on-line.



A trench at the potter's field on Hart Island, circa 1890 by Jacob Riis
Hart Island is the location of a 101-acre (0.41 km2) potters field for New York City, the largest tax-funded cemetery in the world. Burials on Hart Island began during the American Civil War. Hart Island was sold to New York City in 1869. The city then began using it as a cemetery when a 24-year-old woman named Louisa Van Slyke was the first person to be buried in the island's 45-acre (180,000 m2) public graveyard. Burials of unknowns were in single plots, and identified adults and children were buried in mass graves. In 1913, adults and children under five were buried in separate mass graves. Unknowns are mostly adults. They are frequently disinterred when families are able to locate their relatives through photographs and fingerprints kept on file at the Office of the Medical Examiner. Adults are buried in trenches with three sections of 48 individuals to make disinterment easier. Children, mostly infants, are rarely disinterred and are buried in trenches of 1,000.
Hart Island's southern end continued to accommodate the living up until Phoenix House moved in 1976. In 1977, the island was vandalized and many burial records were destroyed by a fire. Remaining records were transferred to the Municipal Archives in Manhattan. People were quarantined there during the 1870 yellow fever epidemic and at various times Hart Island has been home to a women's lunatic asylum (The Pavilion, 1885), a tubercularium, delinquent boys, and during the Cold War, Nike missiles.
More than one million dead are buried there—now approximately 1,500 a year. One third of them are infants and stillborn babies - which has been reduced from one half since children's health insurance began to cover all pregnant women in New York State. In 2005 there were 1,419 burials in the potter's field on Hart Island, including 826 adults, 546 infants and stillborn babies, and 47 burials of dismembered body parts. The dead are buried in trenches. Babies are placed in coffins of various sizes, and are stacked five coffins high and usually twenty coffins across. Adults are placed in larger pine boxes placed according to size and are stacked three coffins high and two coffins across. Burial records on microfilm at the Municipal Archives in Manhattan indicate that babies and adults were buried together in mass graves up until 1913 when the trenches became separate in order to facilitate the more common disinterment of adults. The potter's field is also used to dispose of amputated body parts, which are placed in boxes labeled "limbs". Ceremonies have not been conducted at the burial site since the 1950s, and no individual markers are set except for the first child to die of AIDS in New York City who was buried in isolation. In the past, burial trenches were re-used after 25–50 years, allowing for sufficient decomposition of the remains. Currently, historic buildings are being torn down to make room for new burials.
Because of the number of weekly interments made at the potter's field and the expense to the taxpayers, these mass burials are straightforward and conducted by Rikers island inmates. Those interred on Hart Island are not necessarily homeless or indigent, as hearsay has it, but people who could either not afford the expenses of private funerals or who were unclaimed by relatives who are frequently not notified within a two-week period. Approximately fifty percent of the burials are children under five who are identified and died in New York City's hospitals. The mothers of these children are generally unaware of what it means to sign papers authorizing a "City Burial." These women as well as siblings often go looking many years later. Many others have families who live abroad or out of state and whose relatives search for years. Their search is made more difficult because burial records are currently kept within the prison system. An investigation into the handling of the infant burials was opened in response to a criminal complaint made to the New York State Attorney General's Office on April 1, 2009.
In 2009 the digital mapping of grave trenches using the Global Positioning System was started. In 2013 the New York City of  the Department of Correction created a searchable database on its website of the people buried on the island starting in 1977 and it contains 66,000 entries.
A Freedom of information Act request for 50,000 burial records was granted the Hart Island Project in 2008. The 1403 pages provided by the Department of Correction contain lists of all burials from 1985-2007. A second FOI request for records from September 1, 1977 to December 31, 1984 was submitted to the Department of Correction on June 2, 2008. New York City has located 502 pages from that period and they will soon be available to the public. A lawsuit concerning "place of death" information redacted from the Hart Island burial records was filed against New York City on July 11, 2008 by the Law Office of David B. Rankin. It was settled out of court in January 2009. Only private addresses are now redacted from publicly available records, according to the NYC tax code. On May 10, 2010, New York Poets read the names of people buried and located through the Hart Island Project.
The New York department of transportation runs a single ferry to the island from the Fordham Street pier on City Island. Prison labor from Rikers Island is used for burial details, paid at 50 cents an hour. Inmates stack the pine coffins in two rows, three high and 25 across, and each plot is marked with a single concrete marker. The first pediatric AIDS victim to die in New York City is buried in the only single grave on Hart Island with a concrete marker that reads SC (special child) B1 (Baby 1) 1985. A tall white peace monument erected by New York City prison inmates following World War II is at the top of what was known as "Cemetery Hill" prior to the installation of the now abandoned Nike Missile Base at the northern end of Hart Island.
The Jewish playwright, film screenwriter, and director Leo birinski was buried here in 1951, when he died alone and in poverty. The American novelist Dawn Powell was buried on Hart Island in 1970, five years after her death, when the executor of her estate refused to reclaim her remains. Academy Award winner bobby Driscoll was also buried here when he died in 1968 because no one was able to identify his remains when he was found dead in an East village tenement. His daughter, Aaren Keely, submitted a poem in his memory to the Hart Island Project.

Boys' workhouse

In the late 19th century Hart Island became the location of a boys' workhouse which was an extension of the prison and almshouse on Blackwell's Island, now Roosevelt island. There is a section of old wooden houses and masonry institutional structures dating back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries that have fallen into disrepair. These are now being torn down to provide new ground for burials. Military barracks from the Civil War period were used prior to the construction of workhouse and hospital facilities. None of the original Civil War Period buildings are still standing. In the early 20th century, Hart Island housed about two thousand delinquent boys as well as old male prisoners from Blackwell's penitentiary. This prison population moved to Rikers Island when the prison on Welfare island (formerly Blackwell's Island) was torn down in 1936. Remaining on Hart Island is a building constructed in 1885 as a women's insane asylum, the Pavilion, as well as Phoenix House, a drug rehabilitation facility that closed in 1976.


The island has defunct Nike Ajax missile silos, battery NY-15 that were part of the United States Army base Fort solcum from 1956–1961 and operated by the army's 66th Antiaircraft Artillery Missile Battalion. Some silos are located on Davids island. The Integrated Fire Control system that tracked the targets and directed missiles was located in Fort Slocum. The last components of the missile system were closed in 1974.


Deadmans island is south of Stanley's park in coal harbor Vancouver, British Colombia. it has been a battle site, a native tree burial cemetery, its been used for squatters and the smallpox epidemic, today it is used as a Naval Reserve.
   One of Vancouver's first white settlers, John Morton, visited the island in 1862. Morton discovered hundreds of red cedarboxes lashed to the upper boughs of trees and one had evidently fallen and broken to reveal a jumble of bones and a tassel of black hair. The island was the tree-burail grounds. Undeterred, Morton took a fancy to the island and attempted to acquire it. He changed his mind when Chief Capilano pointed out that the island was "dead ground" and was a scene of a bloody battle between rival tribes in which some two hundred warriors were killed. It's said that "fire-flower" grew up at once where they fell, frightening the foe into retreat. The macabre name of the island is thought to reflect this history.
   Settlers continued to use the island as a cemetery prior to the 1887 opening of Mountain View cemetery. Between 1888 and 1892, Deadman Island became a quarantine site for victims of a smallpox epidemic and burial ground for those who did not survive.

Okinawa island, Japan.  The time when human beings first appeared in Okinawa remains unknown. Since that time, there have probably been immigrants from China, Japan, Australia, and elsewhere.
Okinawa midden culture or shell heap culture is divided into the early shell heap period. In the former, it was a hunter-gatherer society, with wave-like opening Jomon pottery. In the latter part of Jomon period, archaeological sites moved near the seashore, suggesting the engagement of people in fishery. In Okinawa, rice was not cultivated during the Yayoi period but began during the latter period of shell-heap age. Shell rings for arms made of shells obtained in the sakishima islands, namely Miyakojima and yaeyama islands, were imported by Japan. In these islands, the presence of shell axes, 2500 years ago, suggests the influence of a southeastern-Pacific culture.
After the midden culture, agriculture started about the 12th century, with the center moving from the seashore to higher places. This period is called the gusuku period. Gusuku is the term used for the distinctive Okinawan form of castles or fortresses. Many gusukus and related cultural remains in the Ryukyu Islands have been listed by UNESCO as World Heritage sites under the title Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu. There are three perspectives regarding the nature of gusukus: 1) a holy place, 2) dwellings encircled by stones, 3) a castle of a leader of people. In this period, porcelain trade between Okinawa and other countries became busy, and Okinawa became an important relay point in eastern-Asian trade. Ryukyuan kings, such as shunten and Eiso, were considered to be important governors. An attempted Mongolian invasion in 1291 during the Eiso Dynasty ended in failure. Hiragana was imported from Japan by Ganjin in 1265.Noro, female shaman or priests (as in shintoism), appeared.
In 1429, King Shō Hashi completed the unification of the three kingdoms and founded one Ryūkyū Kingdom with its capital at Shuri Castle. The Chinese Ming dynasty sent 36 families from Fujian at the request of the Ryukyuan King. Their job was to manage maritime dealings in the kingdom in 1392 during the Hongwu Emperor's reign. Many Ryukyuan officials were descended from these Chinese immigrants, being born in China or having Chinese ancestors. They assisted in the Ryukyuans in developing their technology and diplomatic relations.
In the 17th century, the kingdom was both a tributary of China and a tributary of Japan. Because China would not make a formal trade agreement unless a country was a tributary state, the kingdom was a convenient loophole for Japanese trade with China. When Japan officially closed off trade with European nations except the Dutch, Nagasaki and Ryūkyū became the only Japanese trading ports offering connections with the outside world.

The last King Shō Tai
In 1879, Japan annexed the entire Ryukyu archipelago. Thus, the Ryūkyū han was abolished and replaced by Okinawa Prefecture by the Meiji government. The monarchy in shuri was abolished and the deposed king Shō Tai (1843–1901) was forced to relocate to Tokyo.
Hostility against mainland Japan increased in the Ryūkyūs immediately after its annexation to Japan in part because of the systematic attempt on the part of mainland Japan to eliminate the Ryukyuan culture, including the language, religion, and cultural practices.
The island of Okinawa was the site of most of the ground warfare in the battle of Okinawa during World War II, when American Army and Marine Corps troops fought a long and bloody battle to capture Okinawa, so it could next be used as the major air force and troop base for the planned invasion of Japan. During this 82-day-long battle, about 95,000 imperial Japanese Army troops and 12,510 Americans were killed. The Cornerstone of peace at the Okinawa Prefecture Memorial Peace Park lists 149,193 persons of Okinawan origin - approximately one quarter of the civilian population - who either died or committed suicide during the Battle of Okinawa and the Pacific War.
During the American military occupation of Japan (1945–52), which followed the Imperial Japanese surrender on September 2, 1945, in Tokyo bay, the United States controlled Okinawa Island and the nearby Ryukyu islands and islets. These all remained in American military possession until June 17, 1972, with numerous u.s. Army, u.s Marine Corps, and u.s Air Force bases there.


Ellis island, New Jersey. was the gateway for millions of immigrants to the United States as the nation's busiest immigrant inspection station from 1892 until 1954. The island was greatly expanded with land reclamation between 1892 and 1934. Before that, the much smaller original island was the site of Fort Gibson and later a naval magazine. The island was made part of the statue of Liberty  National Monument in 1965, and has hosted a museum of immigration since 1990. Long considered part of New York, a 1998 United States Supreme Court decision found that most of the island is in New Jersey. The south side of the island, home to the Ellis island immigrant hospital, is closed to the general public and the object of restoration efforts spearheaded by save Ellis island.